In Kurdish, Komala means society and community. Since its creation in 1969, this political movement is known as Komalay Shorshgeri Zahmatkeshani Kurdistani Iran. Significantly involved in the history of Iran, the movement has been resisting to the authoritarian regime of the chah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, leading after successive guerrillas and insurgencies against the new Islamic regime, caught in the crossfire during the Iran-Iraq war and its international implications, plunged into quarrels between Kurdish parties and lately sending soldiers in the fight against Daesh. Despite all these sacrifices and commitments, Iran’s Kurds – including this party – rarely receive international media attention or any form of recognition.
During these years of resistance, rebellion and fights, the Komala’s never lost their focus on supporting oppressed people, workers, students of Iran and, in particular, on defending the rights of the Kurdish minority, the rights of women and human rights in general. With a Marxist and Leninist inspiration, the movement evolved into a social-democrat ideology, advocating for a federal Iran. It retains a singular emphasis on gender equality with women occupying important positions in the party and reaching all ranks and military functions within their peshmerga army.
As the situation deteriorates in Iran, many young women and men are leaving their country to join the movement. After extensive training for three months in their military compounds in Iraqi Kurdistan, they become peshmerga and are sent on missions in Iran to support the underground networks, distribute uncensored news and extract dissidents or citizens threatened or sentenced to death. All these young exiles have known directly or indirectly arbitrary imprisonment, torture, discrimination, night roundup and the hanging of men and women in public places whose only offense was their opposition to the regime.